- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 43. Revenue and Taxation
- Chapter 55. Oil and Gas Production Tax and Oil Surcharge
- Section 23. Tax Credits for Certain Losses and Expenditures.
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. Additional Nontransferable Tax Credits.
AS 43.55.023. Tax Credits for Certain Losses and Expenditures.
- (a) A producer or explorer may take a tax credit for a qualified capital expenditure as follows:
- (1) notwithstanding that a qualified capital expenditure may be a deductible lease expenditure for
purposes of calculating the production tax value of oil and gas under AS 43.52.160 (a), unless a credit for that expenditure is taken
under AS 38.05.180 (i), AS 41.09.010 , AS 43.20.043, or AS 43.55.025 , a producer or explorer that incurs a qualified
capital expenditure may also elect to apply a tax credit against a tax levied by AS 43.55.011 (e) in the amount of 20 percent of that expenditure;
however, not more than half of the tax credit may be applied for a single calendar year;
- (2) a producer or explorer may take a credit for a qualified capital expenditure incurred in
connection with geological or geophysical exploration or in connection with an exploration well only if the producer or
- (A) agrees, in writing, to the applicable provisions of AS 43.55.025(f)(2);
- (B) submits to the Department of Natural Resources all data that would be required to be
submitted under AS 43.55.025 (f)(2).
- (b) A producer or explorer may elect to take a tax credit in the amount of 25 percent of a carried-
forward annual loss. A credit under this subsection may be applied against a tax levied by AS 43.55.011 (e). For purposes of this subsection, a carried-
forward annual loss is the amount of a producer's or explorer's adjusted lease expenditures under AS 43.55.165 and 43.55.170 for a previous calendar year that was not
deductible in calculating production tax values for that calendar year under AS 43.55.160 .
- (c) A credit or portion of a credit under this section may not be used to reduce a person's tax
liability under AS 43.55.011 (e) for any calendar year below zero, and any
unused credit or portion of a credit not used under this subsection may be applied in a later calendar year.
- (d) Except as limited by (i) of this section, a person that is entitled to take a tax credit under
this section that wishes to transfer the unused credit to another person or obtain a cash payment under AS 43.55.028 may apply to the department for transferable tax
credit certificates. An application under this subsection must be in a form prescribed by the department and must include
supporting information and documentation that the department reasonably requires. The department shall grant or deny an
application, or grant an application as to a lesser amount than that claimed and deny it as to the excess, not later than
120 days after the latest of (1) March 31 of the year following the calendar year in which the qualified capital
expenditure or carried-forward annual loss for which the credit is claimed was incurred; (2) the date the statement
required under AS 43.55.030(a) or (e) was filed for the calendar year in which
the qualified capital expenditure or carried-forward annual loss for which the credit is claimed was incurred; or (3) the
date the application was received by the department. If, based on the information then available to it, the department is
reasonably satisfied that the applicant is entitled to a credit, the department shall issue the applicant two transferable
tax credit certificates, each for half of the amount of the credit. The credit shown on one of the two certificates is
available for immediate use. The credit shown on the second of the two certificates may not be applied against a tax for a
calendar year earlier than the calendar year following the calendar year in which the certificate is issued, and the
certificate must contain a conspicuous statement to that effect. A certificate issued under this subsection does not expire.
- (e) A person to which a transferable tax credit certificate is issued under (d) of this section may
transfer the certificate to another person, and a transferee may further transfer the certificate. Subject to the
limitations set out in (a) - (d) of this section, and notwithstanding any action the department may take with respect to
the applicant under (g) of this section, the owner of a certificate may apply the credit or a portion of the credit shown
on the certificate only against a tax levied by AS 43.55.011 (e). However, a credit shown on a transferable tax
credit certificate may not be applied to reduce a transferee's total tax liability under AS 43.55.011 (e) for oil and gas produced during a calendar year
to less than 80 percent of the tax that would otherwise be due without applying that credit. Any portion of a credit not
used under this subsection may be applied in a later period.
- (f) [Repealed, Sec. 67 ch 1 SSSLA 2007].
- (g) The issuance of a transferable tax credit certificate under (d) of this section or the purchase
of a certificate under AS 43.55.028 does not limit the department's ability to later
audit a tax credit claim to which the certificate relates or to adjust the claim if the department determines, as a result
of the audit, that the applicant was not entitled to the amount of the credit for which the certificate was issued. The tax
liability of the applicant under AS 43.55.011 (e) and 43.55.017 - 43.55.180 is increased by the amount of the
credit that exceeds that to which the applicant was entitled, or the applicant's available valid outstanding credits
applicable against the tax levied by AS 43.55.011 (e) are reduced by that amount. If the applicant's
tax liability is increased under this subsection, the increase bears interest under AS 43.05.225 from the date the transferable tax credit
certificate was issued. For purposes of this subsection, an applicant that is an explorer is considered a producer subject
to the tax levied by AS 43.55.011 (e).
- (h) Regulations adopted to implement this section must include provisions prescribing reporting,
record keeping, and certification procedures and requirements to verify the accuracy of credits claimed and to ensure that
a credit is not used more than once.
- (i) For the purposes of this section,
- (1) a producer's or explorer's transitional investment expenditures are the sum of the expenditures
the producer or explorer incurred after March 31, 2001, and before April 1, 2006, that would be qualified capital
expenditures if they were incurred after March 31, 2006, less the sum of the payments or credits the producer or explorer
received before April 1, 2006, for the sale or other transfer of assets, including geological, geophysical, or well data or
interpretations, acquired by the producer or explorer as a result of expenditures the producer or explorer incurred before
April 1, 2006, that would be qualified capital expenditures, if they were incurred after March 31, 2006;
- (2) a producer or explorer that did not have commercial production of oil or gas from a lease or
property in the state before January 1, 2008, may elect to take a tax credit against a tax levied by AS 43.55.011(e) in the amount of 20 percent of the producer's or
explorer's transitional investment expenditures, but only to the extent that the amount does not exceed 1/10 of the
producer's or explorer's qualified capital expenditures that were incurred after March 31, 2006, and before January 1, 2008;
- (3) a producer or explorer may not take a tax credit for a transitional investment expenditure
- (A) for any calendar year after 2013;
- (B) more than once; or
- (C) if a credit for that expenditure was taken under AS 38.05.180 (i), AS 41.09.010 , AS 43.20.043, or AS 43.55.025 ;
- (4) notwithstanding (d), (e), and (g) of this section, a producer or explorer may not transfer a
tax credit or obtain a transferable tax credit certificate for a transitional investment expenditure.
- (j) As a condition of receiving a tax credit under this section, a producer or explorer that
obtains the tax credit for or directly related to a pipeline, facility, or other asset that is or becomes subject to
regulation by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the Regulatory Commission of Alaska, or a successor regulatory
body shall at all times support and in all rate proceedings file to flow through 100 percent of the tax credits to
ratepayers as a reduction in the costs of service for the pipeline, facility, or other asset.
- (k) An entity that is exempt from taxation under this chapter may not apply for a transferable
tax credit certificate.
- (l) In this section, "qualified capital expenditure"
- (1) means, except as otherwise provided in (2) of this subsection, an expenditure that is a
lease expenditure under AS 43.55.165 and is
- (A) incurred for geological or geophysical exploration; or
- (B) treated as a capitalized expenditure under 26 U.S.C. (Internal Revenue Code), as amended,
regardless of elections made under 26 U.S.C. 263(c) (Internal Revenue Code), as amended, and is
- (i) treated as a capitalized expenditure for federal income tax reporting purposes by
the person incurring the expenditure; or
- (ii) eligible to be deducted as an expense under 26 U.S.C. 263(c) Internal Revenue Code), as amended;
- (2) does not include an expenditure incurred to acquire an asset (A) the cost of previously
acquiring which was a lease expenditure under AS 43.55.165 or would have been a lease expenditure under AS 43.55.165 if it had been incurred after March 31, 2006; for
purposes of this subparagraph, "asset" includes geological, geophysical, and well data and interpretations; or (B) that has
previously been placed in service in the state; an expenditure to acquire an asset is not excluded under this paragraph if
not more than an immaterial portion of the asset meets a description under this paragraph.
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