Advertising with us can place you in front of thousands of visitors a day. Learn more!
- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 15. Elections
- Chapter 13. State Election Campaigns
- Section 400. Definitions.
previous: Section 390
. Civil Penalty; Late Filing of Required Reports.
next: Chapter 15
. Elections and Ballots
AS 15.13.400. Definitions.
In this chapter,
- (1) "candidate"
- (A) means an individual who files for election to the state legislature, for governor, for lieutenant governor, for
municipal office, for retention in judicial office, or for constitutional convention delegate, or who campaigns as a
write-in candidate for any of these offices; and
- (B) when used in a provision of this chapter that limits or prohibits the donation, solicitation, or acceptance of
campaign contributions, or limits or prohibits an expenditure, includes
- (i) a candidate's campaign treasurer and a deputy campaign treasurer;
- (ii) a member of the candidate's immediate family;
- (iii) a person acting as agent for the candidate;
- (iv) the candidate's campaign committee; and
- (v) a group that makes expenditures or receives contributions with the authorization or consent, express or implied, or
under the control, direct or indirect, of the candidate;
- (2) "commission" means the Alaska Public Offices Commission;
- (3) "communication" means an announcement or advertisement disseminated through print or broadcast media, including radio,
television, cable, and satellite, the Internet, or through a mass mailing, excluding those placed by an individual or
nongroup entity and costing $500 or less and those that do not directly or indirectly identify a candidate or
proposition, as that term is defined in AS 15.13.065(c);
- (4) "contribution"
- (A) means a purchase, payment, promise or obligation to pay, loan or loan guarantee, deposit or gift of money, goods, or
services for which charge is ordinarily made and that is made for the purpose of influencing the nomination or election
of a candidate, and in AS 15.13.010(b) for the purpose
of influencing a ballot proposition or question, including the payment by a person other than a candidate or political
party, or compensation for the personal services of another person, that are rendered to the candidate or political
- (B) does not include
- (i) services provided without compensation by individuals volunteering a portion or all of their time on behalf of a
political party, candidate, or ballot proposition or question;
- (ii) ordinary hospitality in a home;
- (iii) two or fewer mass mailings before each election by each political party describing the party's slate of candidates for
election, which may include photographs, biographies, and information about the party's candidates;
- (iv) the results of a poll limited to issues and not mentioning any candidate, unless the poll was requested by or designed
primarily to benefit the candidate; or
- (v) any communication in the form of a newsletter from a legislator to the legislator's constituents, except a
communication expressly advocating the election or defeat of a candidate or a newsletter or material in a newsletter
that is clearly only for the private benefit of a legislator or a legislative employee;
- (vi) a fundraising list provided without compensation by one candidate or political party to a candidate or political party;
- (5) "electioneering communication" means a communication that
- (A) directly or indirectly identifies a candidate;
- (B) addresses an issue of national, state, or local political importance and attributes a position on that issue to the
candidate identified; and
- (C) occurs within the 30 days preceding a general or municipal election;
- (6) "expenditure"
- (A) means a purchase or a transfer of money or anything of value, or promise or agreement to purchase or transfer money or
anything of value, incurred or made for the purpose of
- (i) influencing the nomination or election of a candidate or of any individual who files for nomination at a later date
and becomes a candidate;
- (ii) use by a political party;
- (iii) the payment by a person other than a candidate or political party of compensation for the personal services of another
person that are rendered to a candidate or political party; or
- (iv) influencing the outcome of a ballot proposition or question;
- (B) does not include a candidate's filing fee or the cost of preparing reports and statements required by this chapter;
- (C) includes an express communication and an electioneering communication, but does not include an issues communication;
- (7) "express communication" means a communication that, when read as a whole and with limited reference to outside events,
is susceptible of no other reasonable interpretation but as an exhortation to vote for or against a specific candidate;
- (8) "group" means
- (A) every state and regional executive committee of a political party; and
- (B) any combination of two or more individuals acting jointly who organize for the principal purpose of influencing the
outcome of one or more elections and who take action the major purpose of which is to influence the outcome of an
election; a group that makes expenditures or receives contributions with the authorization or consent, express or
implied, or under the control, direct or indirect, of a candidate shall be considered to be controlled by that
candidate; a group whose major purpose is to further the nomination, election, or candidacy of only one individual, or
intends to expend more than 50 percent of its money on a single candidate, shall be considered to be controlled by that
candidate and its actions done with the candidate's knowledge and consent unless, within 10 days from the date the
candidate learns of the existence of the group the candidate files with the commission, on a form provided by the
commission, an affidavit that the group is operating without the candidate's control; a group organized for more than
one year preceding an election and endorsing candidates for more than one office or more than one political party is
presumed not to be controlled by a candidate; however, a group that contributes more than 50 percent of its money to or
on behalf of one candidate shall be considered to support only one candidate for purposes of AS 15.13.070
, whether or not control of the group has been disclaimed by the candidate;
- (9) "immediate family" means the spouse, parents, children, including a stepchild and an adoptive child, and siblings of
- (10) "independent expenditure" means an expenditure that is made without the direct or indirect consultation or cooperation
with, or at the suggestion or the request of, or with the prior consent of, a candidate, a candidate's campaign
treasurer or deputy campaign treasurer, or another person acting as a principal or agent of the candidate;
- (11) "individual" means a natural person;
- (12) "issues communication" means a communication that
- (A) directly or indirectly identifies a candidate; and
- (B) addresses an issue of national, state, or local political importance and does not support or oppose a candidate for
election to public office.
- (13) "nongroup entity" means a person, other than an individual, that takes action the major purpose of which is to
influence the outcome of an election, and that
- (A) cannot participate in business activities;
- (B) does not have shareholders who have a claim on corporate earnings; and
- (C) is independent from the influence of business corporations.
- (14) "person" has the meaning given in AS 01.10.060
, and includes a labor union, nongroup entity, and a group;
- (15) "political party" means any group that is a political party under AS 15.60.010
and any subordinate unit of that group if, consistent with the rules or bylaws of the political party, the unit
conducts or supports campaign operations in a municipality, neighborhood, house district, or precinct;
- (16) "publicly funded entity" means a person, other than an individual, that receives half or more of the money on which it
operates during a calendar year from government, including a public corporation.
All content © 2008 by Touch
N' Go/Bright Solutions, Inc.
Note to HTML Version:
This version of the Alaska Statutes is current through December, 2007. The Alaska Statutes were automatically converted to HTML from a plain text format. Every effort has been made to ensure their accuracy, but this can not be guaranteed. If it is critical that the precise terms of the Alaska Statutes be known, it is recommended that more formal sources be consulted. For statutes adopted after the effective date of these statutes, see, Alaska State Legislature
If any errors are found, please e-mail Touch N' Go systems at E-mail. We
hope you find this information useful.