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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 17. Food and Drugs
- Chapter 20. Alaska Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
- Section 40. Misbranded Foods.
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. Tolerances For Added Poisonous Ingredients.
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. Sale and Labeling of Frozen Meat, Fish, and Poultry.
AS 17.20.040. Misbranded Foods.
- (a) Food is misbranded if
- (1) its labeling is false or misleading in any particular;
- (2) it is offered for sale under the name of another food;
- (3) it is an imitation of another food, unless its label bears, in type of uniform size and prominence, the word
"imitation" and, immediately thereafter, the name of the food imitated;
- (4) its container is made, formed, or filled so as to be misleading;
- (5) it is in package form unless it bears a label containing (A) the name and place of business of the manufacturer,
packer, or distributor; and (B) an accurate statement of the quantity of the contents in terms of weight, measure, or
numerical count; however, under (B) of this paragraph, reasonable variations are permitted, and exemptions for small
packages shall be established by regulations prescribed by the department;
- (6) a word, statement, or other information required by or under authority of this chapter to appear on the label or
labeling is not prominently placed with the conspicuousness (as compared with other words, statements, designs, or
devices, in the labeling) and in terms that make it likely to be read and understood by the ordinary individual under
customary conditions of purchase and use;
- (7) it purports to be or is represented as a food for which a definition and standard of identity has been prescribed by
regulations as provided by AS 17.20.010
, unless (A) it conforms to the definition and standard, and (B) its label bears the name of the food specified in the
definition and standard and the common names of optional ingredients other than spices, flavoring, and coloring present
in the food as required by regulation;
- (8) it purports to be or is represented as (A) a food for which a standard of quality has been prescribed by regulations,
and its quality falls below that standard, unless its label bears, in the manner and form the regulations specify, a
statement that it falls below that standard; or (B) a food for which a standard of fill of container has been
prescribed by regulation as provided by AS 17.20.010
and it falls below the applicable standard of fill of container, unless its label bears, in the manner and form as the
regulations specify, a statement that it falls below that standard;
- (9) it is not subject to the provisions of (7) of this subsection, unless it bears labeling clearly giving (A) the common
or usual name of the food, if any, and (B) in case it is fabricated from two or more ingredients, the common or usual
name of each ingredient; except that, however, spices, flavorings, and colorings, other than those sold as such, may be
designated as spices, flavorings, and colorings, without naming each; however, to the extent that compliance with the
requirements of (B) of this paragraph is impracticable, or results in deception or unfair competition, exemptions shall
be established by regulations adopted by the department, but the requirements of (B) of this paragraph do not apply to
food products that are packaged at the direction of purchasers at retail at the time of sale, the ingredients of which
are disclosed to the purchasers by other means in accordance with regulations adopted by the department;
- (10) it purports to be or is represented for special dietary uses, unless its label bears information concerning its
vitamin, mineral, and other dietary properties the commissioner determines to be, and by regulations prescribes as,
necessary in order fully to inform purchasers as to its value for those uses;
- (11) it bears or contains artificial flavoring, artificial coloring, or chemical preservative, unless it bears labeling
stating that fact; however, to the extent that compliance with the requirements of this paragraph is impracticable,
exemption shall be established by regulations adopted by the department;
- (12) the food is a farmed halibut, salmon, or sablefish product, unless
- (A) the product is labeled to identify the product as farmed fish raised outside the state, if the product is sold in a
packaged form; or
- (B) the product is conspicuously identified as farmed fish raised outside the state, if the product is sold in an
- (13) the labeling, advertisement, or identification of the food is inconsistent with the labeling, advertisement, or
identification provisions of AS 17.20.048
- (14) the food is a genetically modified fish or genetically modified fish product unless
- (A) the food is conspicuously labeled to identify the fish or fish product as a genetically modified fish or
fish product if the fish or fish product is sold in a packaged form; or
- (B) the food is conspicuously identified as a genetically modified fish or fish product if the fish or fish
product is sold in an unpackaged form.
- (b) In this section,
- (1) "farmed halibut, salmon, or sablefish product" means a food product that contains halibut,
salmon, or sablefish that is propagated, farmed, or cultivated in a facility that grows, farms, or cultivates finfish
in captivity or under positive control but that is not a salmon hatchery that is owned by the state or that holds a
salmon hatchery permit under AS 16.10.400
; in this paragraph, "positive control" has the meaning given in AS 16.40.199 ;
- (2) "genetically modified fish" means
- (A) a finfish or shellfish whose genetic structure has been altered at the molecular level by means that are not
possible under natural conditions or processes, including recombinant DNA and RNA techniques, cell fusion, gene deletion or doubling,
introduction of exogenous genetic material, alteration of the position of a gene, or similar procedure;
- (B) the progeny of a finfish or shellfish described in (A) of this paragraph;
- (3) "genetically modified fish product" means a product prepared from a genetically modified fish.
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