- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 34. Property
- Chapter 35. Liens
- Section 950. Nonconsensual Common Law Liens.
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AS 34.35.950. Nonconsensual Common Law Liens.
- (a) A nonconsensual common law lien is invalid unless the lien is authorized by an order of a court of competent
jurisdiction recognized under state or federal law.
- (b) A person may not submit a nonconsensual common law lien under AS 40.17 to the recorder in order to record the lien unless the lien is
accompanied by a specific order authorizing the recording of the lien issued by a court of competent jurisdiction
recognized under state or federal law. When a nonconsensual common law lien is submitted for recording under this
subsection, the court order accompanying the lien shall be recorded with the lien.
- (c) A person may not submit a nonconsensual common law lien under a law authorizing the filing of a lien against personal
property in order to file the lien unless the lien is accompanied by a specific order authorizing the filing of the
lien issued by a court of competent jurisdiction recognized under state or federal law. When a nonconsensual common law
lien is submitted for filing under this subsection, the court order accompanying the lien shall be filed with the lien.
- (d) In this section,
- (1) "filed" means the acceptance of a document by a department or person having responsibility for the receipt and filing
of documents that may be filed and that are presented for filing in the place of filing designated by law, whether or
not under applicable law the department or person is directed to file the document;
- (2) "nonconsensual common law lien" means a lien on real or personal property that
- (A) is not provided for by a specific state or federal statute;
- (B) does not depend on the consent of the owner of the property affected for its existence; and
- (C) is not an equitable, constructive, or other lien imposed by a court recognized under state or federal law;
- (3) "record" means the acceptance of a document by the recorder that the recorder has determined is recordable under AS 40.17 and that is presented for recording in the place of recording
designated for the recording district where affected property is located whether or not the place of recording is in
that district and whether or not under applicable law the recorder is directed to record the document;
- (4) "recorder" means the commissioner of natural resources or the person designated by the commissioner of natural
resources to perform the duties set out in AS 40.17.
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