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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 21. Insurance
- Chapter 27. Producers, Agents, Administrators, Brokers, Adjusters, and Managers
- Section 650. Operating Requirements For Third-Party Administrators.
previous: Section 640
. Third-Party Administrator Qualifications.
next: Section 660
AS 21.27.650. Operating Requirements For Third-Party Administrators.
- (a) An insurer may not transact business with a third-party administrator unless
- (1) the insurer holds a certificate of authority in this state if required under this title;
- (2) the third-party administrator is registered under this chapter or the third-party administrator has filed a
certification with the director certifying that the third-party administrator is operating
only for a foreign insurer other than a self-funded multiple employer welfare arrangement regulated under AS 21.85 and is registered as a third-party administrator by the third-party administrator's resident
insurance regulator in a state that the director has determined has enacted provisions substantially similar to those
contained in AS 21.27.630 - 21.27.650 and that is accredited by the National
Association of Insurance Commissioners;
- (3) the third-party administrator provides the director on January 1, April 1, July 1, and October 1 of each year
- (A) a list of persons who supervise or have responsibility over personnel performing administrative functions,
including claims administration and payment, marketing administrative functions, premium accounting, premium billing, coverage
verification, underwriting, or certificate issuance upon a subject resident, located, or to be performed in this state;
- (B) a list of current insurers under contract; and
- (C) other information the director may require;
- (4) a written contract is in effect between the parties that establishes the responsibilities of each party, indicates
both parties' share of responsibility for a particular function, and specifies the division of responsibilities;
- (5) there is in effect a written contract between the insurer and third-party administrator that contains the following
- (A) the insurer may terminate the contract for cause upon written notice sent by certified mail to the third-party
administrator and may suspend the underwriting authority of the third-party administrator during a dispute regarding
the cause for termination; but the insurer must fulfill all lawful obligations with respect to policies affected by the
written agreement, regardless of any dispute between the insurer and the third-party administrator;
- (B) the third-party administrator shall render accounts to the insurer detailing all transactions and remit all money due
under the contract to the insurer at least monthly;
- (C) all money collected for the account of an insurer shall be held by the third-party administrator as a fiduciary;
- (D) all payments on behalf of the insurer shall be held by the third-party administrator as a fiduciary;
- (E) the third-party administrator may not retain more than three months' estimated claims payments and allocated loss
- (F) the third-party administrator shall maintain separate records for each insurer in a form usable by the insurer; the
insurer or its authorized representative shall have the right to audit and the right to copy all accounts and records
related to the insurer's business; the director, in addition to other authority granted in this title, shall have
access to all books, bank accounts, and records of the third-party administrator in a form usable to the director; any
trade secrets contained in books and records reviewed by the director, including the identity and addresses of
policyholders and certificate holders, shall be kept confidential, except that the director may use the information in
a proceeding instituted against the third-party administrator or the insurer;
- (G) the contract may not be assigned in whole or in part by the third-party administrator;
- (H) if the contract permits the third-party administrator to do underwriting, the contract must include the following:
- (i) the third-party administrator's maximum annual premium volume;
- (ii) the rating system and basis of the rates to be charged;
- (iii) the types of risks that may be written;
- (iv) maximum limits of liability;
- (v) applicable exclusions;
- (vi) territorial limitations;
- (vii) policy cancellation provisions;
- (viii) the maximum policy term; and
- (ix) that the insurer shall have the right to cancel or not renew a policy of insurance subject to applicable state law;
- (I) if the contract permits the third-party administrator to administer claims on behalf of the insurer, the contract must
include the following:
- (i) written settlement authority must be provided by the insurer and may be terminated for cause upon the insurer's
written notice sent by certified mail to the third-party administrator or upon the termination of the contract, but the
insurer may suspend the settlement authority during a dispute regarding the cause of termination;
- (ii) claims shall be reported to the insurer within 30 days;
- (iii) a copy of the claim file shall be sent to the insurer upon request or as soon as it becomes known that the claim has
the potential to exceed an amount determined by the director or exceeds the limit set by the insurer, whichever is
less, involves a coverage dispute, may exceed the third-party administrator's claims settlement authority, is open for
more than six months, involves extra contractual allegations, or is closed by payment in excess of an amount set by the
director or an amount set by the insurer, whichever is less;
- (iv) each party to the contract shall comply with unfair claims settlement statutes and regulations;
- (v) transmission of electronic data must occur at least monthly if electronic claim files are in existence; and
- (vi) claim files shall be the sole property of the insurer; upon an order of liquidation of the insurer, the third-party
administrator shall have reasonable access to and the right to copy the files on a timely basis; and
- (J) the contract may not provide for commissions, fees, or charges contingent upon savings obtained in the adjustment,
settlement, and payment of losses covered by the insurer's obligations; but a third-party administrator may receive
performance-based compensation for providing hospital or other auditing services or may receive compensation based on
premiums or charges collected or the number of claims paid or processed.
- (b) If the insurer is domiciled in this state or the third-party administrator has a place of business in this state, a
copy of the contract must be filed with and approved by the director at least 30 days before the third-party
administrator transacts business on behalf of the insurer. If the contract is not required to be approved in advance by
the director, the insurer shall provide written notification to the director within 30 days of the entry into or
termination of a contract with a third-party administrator; the notice must include a statement of duties to be
performed by the third-party administrator on behalf of the insurer, the kinds and classes of insurance for which the
third-party administrator has authorization to act, and other information required by the director.
- (c) If the contract provides for the third-party administrator to receive or collect premiums, payment by or on behalf of
the insured of premiums for insurance to the third-party administrator shall be presumed to have been received by the
insurer; payment of return premiums or claim payments forwarded by the insurer to the third-party administrator may not
be presumed to have been received by the person entitled to the money until the payments are received by the insured or
claimant. Nothing in this subsection limits the rights that the insurer may have against the third-party administrator
resulting from the failure of the third-party administrator to make payments to persons entitled to money.
- (d) Policies, certificates, booklets, termination notices or other written communications delivered by the insurer to the
third-party administrator for delivery to the insured or covered individuals shall be delivered by the third-party
administrator within 10 days after receipt of instructions from the insurer to deliver them.
- (e) When the services of a third-party administrator are utilized, the third-party administrator shall provide a written
notice, approved in writing by the insurer, to a covered person advising the person of the identity of the insurer and
the relationship between the third-party administrator, the policyholder, and the insurer.
- (f) The third-party administrator may not
- (1) bind reinsurance or retrocessions on behalf of the insurer;
- (2) commit the insurer to participate in insurance or reinsurance syndicates;
- (3) pay or commit the insurer to pay a claim, net of reinsurance, the amount of which exceeds one percent of the insurer's
policyholder's surplus as of December 31 of the last completed calendar year without prior written approval of the
insurer for the settlement; the approval of an insurer must be received after the insurer has been notified in writing
that the claim settlement will exceed one percent of the insurer's policyholder's surplus as of December 31 of the last
completed calendar year;
- (4) collect a payment from a reinsurer or commit the insurer to a claim settlement with a reinsurer without prior written
approval of the insurer, but if prior written approval is given, a complete report must be forwarded to the insurer
within 30 days;
- (5) serve on the insurer's board of directors;
- (6) jointly employ an individual who is employed by the insurer;
- (7) delegate third-party administrator authority to another person;
- (8) solicit applications for insurance or renewals of insurance directly through employees or by appointments of insurance
producers as its subagents unless its employees or the insurance producers appointed under the procedures set out in AS
and 21.27.110 are licensed for the kinds or classes
of insurance and the solicitation or renewals are within the scope of authority granted by the insurer contracting with
the third-party administrator; or
- (9) advertise the business underwritten by an insurer unless the advertising has been approved in writing by the insurer
in advance of its use.
- (g) In a form acceptable to the director, a third-party administrator shall annually provide to the insurer and an insurer
shall annually obtain a copy of certified financial statements prepared by an independent certified public accountant
of each third-party administrator with which the insurer has done business.
- (h) In addition to any other required loss reserve certification, if a third-party administrator establishes loss
reserves, the insurer shall annually obtain the opinion of an independent qualified actuary attesting to the adequacy
of loss reserves established for losses incurred and outstanding on business produced by the third-party administrator.
The insurer retains an independent responsibility to determine the adequacy of its loss reserves, including those
established by its third-party administrators.
- (i) If a third-party administrator provides services for more than 100 certificate holders on behalf of an insurer, the
insurer shall at least semiannually conduct a review of the operations of the third-party administrator. At least one
review required under this subsection must be an on-site review.
- (j) A third-party administrator shall maintain records as described in AS 21.27.350
- (k) An insurer may not appoint to its board of directors an officer, director, employee, subagent, insurance producer, or
controlling shareholder of its third-party administrator.
- (l) An actual or apparently authorized act of the third-party administrator is considered to be the act of the insurer
upon whose behalf the third-party administrator is acting.
- (m) A third-party administrator may be examined by the director under AS 21.06.120
as if it were the insurer.
- (n) If the director determines after a hearing under AS 21.06.170
- 21.06.240 that a third-party administrator caused
loss arising out of a violation of AS 21.27.630
- 21.27.650 to an insurer, the director may order the
third-party administrator to reimburse the insurer, the rehabilitator, or the liquidator of the insurer for the loss.
Reimbursement ordered under this subsection is in addition to any other liability of the third-party administrator and
does not affect the rights of a policyholder, claimant, creditor, or third-party.
- (o) In addition to any other penalty provided by law, a person who violates this section is subject to the penalties
provided under AS 21.27.440 and an insurer's
certificate of authority may be suspended or revoked.
- (p) [Repealed, Sec. 34 Ch 1 FSSLA 2005].
- (q) The director may, without advance notice or hearing, immediately suspend by order the registration of a
third-party administrator if the director finds that one or more of the following circumstances exist:
- (1) the third-party administrator is insolvent or impaired;
- (2) a proceeding for bankruptcy, receivership, conservatorship, or rehabilitation, or another delinquency
proceeding regarding the third-party administrator has been commenced in any state or by a governmental agency of another jurisdiction;
- (3) the third-party administrator is in an unsound condition, or is in a condition or using methods or
practices that render its further transaction of insurance injurious to policy holders or the public.
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