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(a) The Board of Fisheries finds that
(1) before the enactment of the state's subsistence priority law in ch. 151, SLA 1978, an individual could fulfill that individual's personal use needs for fish under subsistence fishing regulations;
(2) the state's subsistence priority law changed the definition of subsistence in a manner that now precludes some individuals from participating in customary and traditional subsistence fisheries and efficiently harvesting fish for their personal use;
(3) there presently are areas of the state with harvestable surpluses of fish in excess of both spawning escapement needs and present levels of subsistence, commercial and sport uses; and
(4) it is necessary to establish a fishery classified as "personal use" because
(A) since the sale of fish is not appropriate or permissible, this fishery cannot be classified as commercial;
(B) since the use is not a customary and traditional use, this fishery cannot be classified as subsistence; and
(C) since the gear for this fishery is often different from that historically associated with sport fishing, this fishery should not be classified as a sport fishery, to prevent confusion among the public.
(b) It is the intent of the board that the taking of fish under 5 AAC 77 will be allowed when that taking does not jeopardize the sustained yield of a resource and either does not negatively impact an existing resource use or is in the broad public interest.
(c) Regulations in 5 AAC 77 apply to the taking of finfish, shellfish and aquatic plants for personal use. The regulations in 5 AAC 77.001 - 5 AAC 77.049 apply to the taking of finfish, shellfish and aquatic plants in all waters of Alaska.
(d) The regulations in 5 AAC 77 do not prohibit the personal use of finfish, shellfish or aquatic plants legally taken under the subsistence, commercial and sport fishing regulations in 5 AAC 01 - 5 AAC 75.
(e) The definitions of legal gear in 5 AAC 39.105(d) , unlawful possession of fish in 5 AAC 39.197, definitions in 5 AAC 39.975, and abbreviations and symbols in 5 AAC 39.997 apply to the regulations in 5 AAC 77.
(f) In this chapter, "personal use fishing" means the taking, attempting to take or possession of finfish, shellfish or aquatic plants by an individual for consumption as food or use as bait by that individual or his immediate family.
History: Eff. 6/20/82, Register 82; am 5/31/98, Register 146
Authority: AS 16.05.251
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Last modified 7/05/2006