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Title 4 . Education and Early Development
Chapter 52 . (Repealed)
Section 790. Definitions

4 AAC 52.790. Definitions

As used in 4 AAC 52.090 - 4 AAC 52.790, unless the context requires otherwise,

(1) "assistive technology device" means an item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability;

(2) "assistive technology service" means a service that directly assists a child with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device, including

(A) the evaluation of the needs of a child with a disability, including a functional evaluation of the child in the child's customary environment;

(B) purchasing, leasing, or otherwise providing for the acquisition of assistive technology devices for children with disabilities;

(C) selecting, designing, fitting, customizing, adapting, applying, retaining, repairing, or replacing assistive technology devices;

(D) coordinating and using other therapies, interventions, or services with assistive technology devices, such as those associated with existing education and rehabilitation plans and programs;

(E) training or providing technical assistance for a child with a disability, or if appropriate, that child's family; and

(F) training or providing technical assistance for professionals, including individuals providing education or rehabilitation services; employers; or other individuals who provide services to, employ, or are otherwise substantially involved in the major life functions of individuals with disabilities;

(3) "child with a disability" means a child with mental retardation, learning disabilities, emotional disturbance, deafness, deaf-blindness, hearing impairment, orthopedic impairment, other health impairment, speech impairment, visual impairment, multiple disabilities, early childhood development delay, autism, or traumatic brain injury within the meaning of 4 AAC 52.130;

(4) "educational performance" means performance in school, or, in the case of a preschool child with a disability, performance in an age-appropriate setting;

(5) "emotionally disturbed" means eligible for special education and related services for an emotional disturbance under 4 AAC 52.130(d) ;

(6) "evaluation" means procedures used in accordance with 20 U.S.C. 1414(a) - (c), selectively with an individual child, to determine whether the child has a disability and the nature and extent of the special education and related services that the child needs; "evaluation" does not include basic tests administered to, or procedures used with, all children in a school, grade, or class;

(7) "FAPE" means free appropriate public education;

(8) "free appropriate public education" has the same meaning given that term in 34 C.F.R. 300.13, as revised as of May 11, 1999, and adopted by reference;

(9) "guardian" means a person designated by a will or appointed by a court to exercise the rights and responsibilities with regard to a child;

(10) "IEP" means individualized education program;

(11) "individualized education program" has the same meaning given that term in 34 C.F.R. 300.340, as revised as of May 11, 1999, and adopted by reference;

(12) "interim alternative educational setting" means a change of placement determined through disciplinary proceedings carried out under 4 AAC 52.550(g) , that meets the requirements of 34 C.F.R. 300.522 as revised as of May 11, 1999;

(13) "location," in the context of providing a service under an IEP, means the type of environment that is the appropriate place for provision of the service;

(14) "parent" means a

(A) natural or adoptive parent of a child;

(B) guardian, but not the state if the child is a ward of the state;

(C) person who is acting in the place of a natural or adoptive parent, such as a grandparent or stepparent with whom the child lives, or a person who is legally responsible for the child's welfare; and

(D) surrogate parent who has been appointed under 4 AAC 14.30.325 and 4 AAC 52.590;

(15) "related services" has the same meaning given that term in AS 14.30.350 ;

(16) "screening" means a brief procedure for identifying children who should receive a more comprehensive diagnostic assessment; "screening" includes informal non-standardized procedures, and formal standardized procedures;

(17) "special education" has the same meaning given that term in AS 14.30.350 ;

(18) "specially designed instruction" means the content, methodology, or delivery of instruction, adapted to

(A) address the unique needs of a child that result from the child's disability; and

(B) ensure the child's access to the general curriculum, so that the child can meet the educational standards of the district that apply to all children;

(19) "supplementary aids and services" means aids, services, and other supports that are provided in regular education classes or other education-related settings to enable children with disabilities to be educated with nondisabled children to the maximum extent appropriate in accordance with 20 U.S.C. 1412(a)(5);

(20) "basic self-help, daily living, or adaptive skills" means rudimentary facility in eating, toileting, dressing, grooming, personal hygiene, communication, and other basic essential skills;

(21) "multiple services" means more than one special education service or related service;

(22) "supplemental support" means an assistant who is capable of serving the student's needs; "supplemental support" does not include a paraeducator.

History: Eff. 8/22/2001, Register 159; am 8/29/2004, Register 171

Authority: AS 14.07.060

AS 14.30.180

AS 14.30.186

AS 14.30.193

AS 14.30.194

AS 14.30.250

AS 14.30.255

AS 14.30.272

AS 14.30.285

AS 14.30.325

AS 14.30.350

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Last modified 7/05/2006