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(1) "African-American" means a person having origins in any of the Black racial groups of Africa;
(2) "Alaska Native" means a person who is a descendant of, and who has at least one-quarter blood derived from,
(A) a member of the aboriginal peoples inhabiting the state when annexed to the United States; or
(B) an American Indian or Eskimo who, after 1867 and before June 30, 1952, migrated into the state from Canada;
(3) "American Indian" means a person having origins in any of the aboriginal peoples of North and South America, including Central America, and who maintains cultural identification through tribal affiliation or community recognition; "American Indian" does not include an Alaska Native;
(4) "Asian or Pacific Islander" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of the Far East, Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, or the Pacific Islands;
(5) "economically disadvantaged students" means a student who is eligible for free or reduced-price school meals under the department's Alaska Income Eligibility Guidelines for Free and Reduced Meals, adopted by reference in 4 AAC 06.802;
(6) "highly qualified teacher" means a teacher who meets the requirements set out in 4 AAC 04.210 for being highly qualified;
(7) "Hispanic" means a person who traces the person's origin or descent to Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central and South America, and other Spanish cultures, regardless of race;
(8) "migrant" means a person who is, or whose parent or spouse is, a migratory agricultural worker, including a migratory dairy worker or a migratory fisher, and who, in the preceding 36 months, in order to obtain, or accompany the person's parent or spouse, in order to obtain, temporary or seasonal employment in agricultural or fishing work
(A) has moved from one school district to another; or
(B) resides in a school district of more than 15,000 square miles, and migrates a distance of 20 miles or more to a temporary residence to engage in a fishing activity;
(9) "parent" means a biological, adoptive, or foster parent, or an adult who acts as a guardian of a child and makes decisions related to the child's safety, education, and welfare;
(10) "scientifically based research" has the meaning given in 20 U.S.C. 7801(37), adopted by reference in 4 AAC 06.802;
(11) "statewide student assessment system" or "state assessments" means the assessments described in 4 AAC 06.710;
(12) "student with a disability" has the meaning given "child with a disability" in AS 14.30.350 ; "student with a disability" includes all students who are under or eligible for an individualized education program under AS 14.30.278 ;
(13) "student with limited English proficiency" has the meaning given to "limited English proficient pupil" or "LEP pupil" in 4 AAC 34.090; "student with limited English proficiency" includes students who are currently served or eligible to be served under 4 AAC 34.055;
(14) "White" means a person having origins in any of the original peoples of Europe, North Africa, or the Middle East;
(15) "multi-ethnic students" means students who primarily identify their ethnic heritage with more than one of the subgroups "African-Americans," "Alaska Natives," "American Indians," "Asians or Pacific Islanders," "Hispanics," or "Whites."
History: Eff. 11/23/2003, Register 168; am 6/13/2004, Register 170; am 1/19/2006, Register 177
Authority: AS 14.03.123
Editor's note: The department's Alaska Income Eligibility Guidelines for Free and Reduced Meals, adopted by reference in 4 AAC 06.802, may be obtained by writing to the Department of Education and Early Development, 801 West 10th Street, Suite 200, Juneau, Alaska 99801-1894.
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Last modified 7/05/2006