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Title 3 . Commerce, Community, and Economic Development
Chapter 110 . Municipal Boundary Changes
Section 990. Definitions

3 AAC 110.990. Definitions

Unless the context indicates otherwise, in this chapter

(1) "borough" means a general law borough, a home rule borough, or a unified municipality;

(2) "coastal resource service area" means a service area established and organized under AS 29.03.020 and AS 46.40.110 - 46.40.180;

(3) "commission" means the Local Boundary Commission;

(4) "commissioner" means the commissioner of commerce, community, and economic development;

(5) a "community" means a social unit comprised of 25 or more permanent residents as determined under 3 AAC 110.920;

(6) "contiguous" means, with respect to territories and properties, adjacent, adjoining, and touching each other;

(7) "department" means the Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development;

(8) "mandatory power" means an authorized act, duty, or obligation required by law to be performed or fulfilled by a municipality in the course of its fiduciary obligations to citizens and taxpayers; "mandatory power" includes one or more of the following:

(A) assessing, levying, and collecting taxes;

(B) providing education, public safety, public health, and sanitation services;

(C) planning, platting and land use regulation;

(D) conducting elections; and

(E) other acts, duties, or obligations required by law to meet the local governmental needs of the community;

(9) "model borough boundaries" means those boundaries set out in the commission's publication Model Borough Boundaries, revised as of June 1997 and adopted by reference;

(10) "permanent resident" means a person who has maintained a principal domicile in the territory proposed for change under this chapter for at least 30 days immediately preceding the date of acceptance of a petition by the department, and who shows no intent to remove that principal domicile from the territory at any time during the pendency of a petition before the commission;

(11) "political subdivision" means a borough or city organized and operated under state law;

(12) "property owner" means a legal person holding a vested fee simple interest in the surface estate of any real property including submerged lands; "property owner" does not include lienholders, mortgagees, deed of trust beneficiaries, remaindermen, lessees, or holders of unvested interests in land;

(13) "regional educational attendance area" means an educational service area established and organized under AS 14.08 and AS 29.03.020 ;

(14) "witnesses with expertise in matters relevant to the proposed change" means individuals who are

(A) specialists in relevant subjects, including municipal finance, municipal law, public safety, public works, public utilities, and municipal planning; or

(B) long-standing members of the community or region that are directly familiar with social, cultural, economic, geographic, and other characteristics of the community or region.

History: Eff. 7/31/92, Register 123; am 5/19/2002, Register 162

Authority: Art. X, sec. 12,

Ak Const.

AS 44.33.812

Editor's note: The Local Boundary Commission's publication Model Borough Boundaries, adopted by reference in 3 AAC 110.990, is on file at the offices of the Local Boundary Commission staff, Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development, 550 W. 7th Ave., Suite 1770, Anchorage, Alaska, and is available at the web site of the Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development, at

As of Register 171 (October 2004), the regulations attorney made technical revisions under AS\n 44.62.125(b)(6) to reflect the name change of the Department of Community and Economic Development to the Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development made by ch. 47, SLA 2004 and the corresponding title change of the commissioner of community and economic development.

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Last modified 7/05/2006