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Title 5 . Fish and Game
Chapter 1 . Transportation, Possession and Release of Live Fish; Aquatic Farming
Section 270. Lawful gear and gear specifications and operation

5 AAC 01.270. Lawful gear and gear specifications and operation

(a) Salmon may be taken only by gillnet, beach seine, a hook and line attached to a rod or pole, handline, or fish wheel subject to the restrictions set out in this section and 5 AAC 01.275, except that salmon may also be taken by spear in the Holitna River drainage, Kanektok River drainage, Arolik River drainage, and the drainage of Goodnews Bay.

(b) The aggregate length of set gillnets or drift gillnets in use by any individual for taking salmon may not exceed 50 fathoms.

(c) Fish other than salmon may be taken only by set gillnet, drift gillnet, beach seine, fish wheel, pot, longline, fyke net, dip net, jigging gear, spear, a hook and line attached to a rod or pole, handline, or lead.

(d) Each subsistence gillnet operated in tributaries of the Kuskokwim River must be attached to the bank, fished substantially perpendicular to the bank and in a substantially straight line.

(e) In that portion of the Kuskokwim River drainage from the north end of Eek Island upstream to the mouth of the Kolmakoff River, no part of a set gillnet located within a tributary to the Kuskokwim River may be set or operated within 150 feet of any part of another set gillnet.

(f) A gillnet may obstruct not more than one-half the width of any fish stream. A stationary fishing device may obstruct not more than one-half the width of any salmon stream.

(g) Repealed 5/19/2004.

(h) The maximum depth of gillnets is as follows:

(1) gillnets with six-inch or smaller mesh may not be more than 45 meshes in depth;

(2) gillnets with greater than six-inch mesh may not be more than 35 meshes in depth.

(i) Halibut may be taken only by a single hand-held line with no more than three hooks attached to it.

(j) Subsistence set and drift gillnets operated in Whitefish Lake in the Ophir Creek drainage may not exceed 15 fathoms in length.

(k) A person may not operate more than one subsistence set or drift gillnet at a time in Whitefish Lake in the Ophir Creek drainage. A person operating a subsistence set or drift gillnet shall check the net at least once every 24 hours.

( l ) Repealed 5/29/2001.

(m) Notwithstanding (b) and (j) of this section, during times when the commissioner determines it to be necessary for the conservation of chum salmon, the commissioner, by emergency order, may close the fishing season in any portion of the Kuskokwim Area and immediately reopen the season in that portion during which the following gear limitations apply:

(1) a gillnet used to take fish

(A) must be of seven and one-half inch or greater mesh or four-inch or less mesh;

(B) for a gillnet of four-inch or less mesh, may not exceed the length specified by the commissioner in the emergency order;

(C) for a gillnet of seven and one-half inch or greater mesh, may not exceed the length specified in (b) and (j) of this section;

(2) for fish wheels:

(A) a fish wheel used to take fish must be equipped with a livebox that is constructed so that it contains no less than 45 cubic feet of water volume while it is in operation;

(B) the livebox of a fish wheel must be checked at least once every 12 hours while the fish wheel is in operation, and all chum salmon in the livebox must be returned alive to the water;

(C) repealed 6/17/2001;

(3) beach seine gear: any chum salmon taken in beach seine gear must be returned alive to the water.

(n) Notwithstanding (b) and (j) of this section, during times when the commissioner determines it to be necessary for the conservation of king salmon, the commissioner, by emergency order, may close the fishing season in any portion of the Kuskokwim Area and immediately reopen the season in that portion during which the following gear limitations apply:

(1) a gillnet mesh size may not exceed six inches;

(2) for fish wheels:

(A) a fish wheel used to take fish must be equipped with a livebox that is constructed so that it contains no less than 45 cubic feet of water volume while it is in operation;

(B) the livebox of a fish wheel must be checked at least once every six hours while the fish wheel is in operation, and all king salmon in the livebox must be returned alive to the water; and

(3) for beach seine gear: any king salmon taken in beach seine gear must be returned alive to the water.

(o) For the purposes of this section, a "livebox" is a submerged container, that is attached to a fish wheel and that will keep fish caught by the fish wheel alive.

History: In effect before 1988; am 4/2/88, Register 105; am/readopt 5/15/93, Register 126; am 7/3/94, Register 130; am 7/5/2000, Register 155; em am 7/8/2000 - 11/4/2000, Register 155; em am 5/29/2001, Register 158; am 6/17/2001, Register 158; am 5/19/2004, Register 170

Authority: AS 16.05.251

AS 16.05.258

Editor's note: At its February 23 - 27, 1993 meeting, the Board of Fisheries readopted 5 AAC 01.270(b) - (i) in their entirety without change, under ch. 1, SSSLA 1992 (the 1992 subsistence law), which repealed and reenacted AS 16.05.258 .


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Last modified 7/05/2006