- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 46. Water, Air, Energy, and Environmental Conservation
- Chapter 45. Northwest Interstate Compact On Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management
- Section 10. Compact Enacted.
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. Northwest Interstate Compact On Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management
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AS 46.45.010. Compact Enacted.
The Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management, as contained in this section, is enacted
into law and entered into on behalf of the State of Alaska with any and all other states legally joining it in a form
substantially as follows:
Northwest Interstate Compact on Low-level Radioactive Waste Management
Policy and Purpose.
The party states recognize that low-level radioactive wastes are generated by essential
activities and services that benefit the citizens of the states. It is further recognized that
the protection of the health and safety of the citizens of the party states and the most economical
management of low-level radioactive wastes can be accomplished through cooperation of the states in
minimizing the amount of handling and transportation required to dispose of such wastes and through
the cooperation of the states in providing facilities that serve the region. It is the policy of
the party states to undertake the necessary cooperation to protect the health and safety of the
citizens of the party states and to provide for the most economical management of low-level radioactive
wastes on a continuing basis. It is the purpose of this compact to provide the means for such a
cooperative effort among the party states so that the protection of the citizens of the states and the
maintenance of the viability of the states' economies will be enhanced while sharing the responsibilities
of radioactive low-level waste management.
In this compact
- (1) "facility" means any site, location, structure, or property used or to be used for
the storage, treatment, or disposal of low-level waste, excluding federal waste facilities;
- (2) "generator" means any person, partnership, association, corporation, or any other
entity whatsoever, which, as part of its activities, produces low-level radioactive waste;
- (3) "host state" means a state in which a facility is located;
- (4) "low-level waste" means waste material which contains radioactive nuclides emitting
primarily beta or gamma radiation, or both, in concentrations or quantities which exceed applicable federal or state
standards for unrestricted release; low-level waste does not include waste containing more than 10 nanocuries of
transuranic contaminants per gram of material, nor spent reactor fuel, nor material classified as either high-level
waste or waste which is unsuited for disposal by near-surface burial under any applicable federal regulations.
Each party state agrees to adopt practices which will require low-level waste shipments originating
within its borders and destined for a facility within another party state to conform to the applicable
packaging and transportation requirements and regulations of the host state. Those practices must
- (1) maintaining an inventory of all generators within the state that have shipped or
expect to ship low-level waste to facilities in another party state;
- (2) periodic unannounced inspection of the premises of such generators and the waste
management activities on them;
- (3) authorization of the containers in which such waste may be shipped, and a requirement
that generators use only that type of container authorized by the state;
- (4) assurance that inspections of the carriers which transport such waste are conducted
by proper authorities, and appropriate enforcement action taken for violation;
- (5) after receiving notification from a host state that a generator within the party state
is in violation of applicable packaging or transportation standards, the party state will take appropriate action to
assure that such violations do not recur. That action may include inspection of every individual low-level waste shipment
by that generator.
Each party state may impose fees upon generators and shippers to recover the cost of the inspections
and other practices under this article. Nothing in this section limits any party state's authority to
impose additional or more stringent standards on generators or carriers than those required under this paragraph.
- (1) Facilities located in any party state, other than facilities established or maintained
by individual low-level waste generators for the management of their own low-level waste, shall accept low-level waste
generated in any party state if that waste has been packaged and transported according to applicable laws and regulations.
- (2) No facility located in any party state may accept low-level waste generated outside of
the region comprised of the party states, except as provided in article V.
- (3) Until paragraph (2) of this article takes effect, facilities located in any party state
may accept low-level waste generated outside of any of the party states only if that waste is accompanied by a certificate
of compliance issued by an official of the state in which the waste shipment originated. Such a certificate must be in the
form required by the host state, and must contain at least the following:
- (A) the generator's name and address;
- (B) a description of the contents of the low-level waste container;
- (C) a statement that the low-level waste being shipped has been inspected by the
official who issued the certificate or by that official's agent or by a representative of the United States
nuclear regulatory commission, and found to have been packaged in compliance with applicable federal regulations
and such additional requirements as may be imposed by the host state;
- (D) a binding agreement by the state of origin to reimburse any party state for
any liability or expense incurred as a result of an accidental release of the waste during shipment or after
the waste reaches the facility.
- (4) Each party state shall cooperate with the other party states in determining the
appropriate site of any facility that might be required within the region comprised of the party states, in order to
maximize public health and safety while minimizing the use of one party state as the host of such facilities on a
permanent basis. Each party state further agrees that decisions regarding low-level waste management facilities in
their region will be reached through a good-faith process which takes into account the burdens borne by each of the
party states as well as the benefits each has received.
- (5) The party states recognize that the issue of hazardous chemical waste management is similar
in many respects to that of low-level waste management. Therefore, in consideration of the State of Washington allowing
access to its low-level waste disposal facility by generators in other party states, party states such as Oregon and
Idaho which host hazardous chemical waste disposal facilities will allow access to such facilities by generators within
other party states. Nothing in this compact prevents any party state from limiting the nature and type of hazardous
chemical or low-level wastes to be accepted at facilities within its borders or from ordering the closure of such
facilities, so long as that action by a host state is applied equally to all generators within the region comprised of
the party states.
- (6) Any host state may establish a schedule of fees and requirements related to its facility,
to assure that closure, perpetual care, and maintenance and contingency requirements are met, including adequate bonding.
Northwest Low-level Waste Compact Committee.
The governor of each party state shall designate one official of that state as the person responsible for
administration of this compact. The officials so designated comprise the Northwest Low-level Waste Compact Committee.
The committee shall meet as required to consider matters arising under this compact. The parties shall inform the
committee of existing regulations concerning low-level waste management in their states, and shall afford all parties a
reasonable opportunity to review and comment upon any proposed modifications in those regulations. Notwithstanding any
provision of article IV to the contrary, the committee may enter into arrangements with states, provinces, individual
generators, or regional compact entities outside the region comprised of the party states for access to facilities on
such terms and conditions as the committee considers appropriate. However, a two-thirds vote of all members, including
the affirmative vote of the member of any party state in which a facility affected by such an arrangement is located,
is required for the committee to enter into such an arrangement.
Eligible Parties and Effective Date.
- (1) Each of the following states is eligible to become a party to this compact: Alaska,
Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. As to any eligible party, this compact becomes effective
upon enactment into law by that party, but it does not become initially effective until enacted into law by two states.
Any party state may withdraw from this compact by enacting a statute repealing its approval.
- (2) After the compact has initially taken effect pursuant to paragraph (1) of this article,
any eligible party state may become a party to this compact by the execution of an executive order by the governor of the
state. Any state which becomes a party in this manner ceases to be a party upon the final adjournment of the next general
or regular session of its legislature or July 1, 1983, whichever occurs first, unless the compact has by then been enacted
as a statute of that state.
- (3) Paragraph (2) of article IV of this compact takes effect on July 1, 1983, if consent is
given by Congress. As provided in Public Law 96-573, Congress may withdraw its consent to the compact after every five-
If any provision of this compact, or its application to any person or circumstance, is held to be invalid, all
other provisions of this compact, and the application of all of its provisions to all other persons and circumstances,
remain valid; and to this end the provisions of this compact are severable.
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