- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 46. Water, Air, Energy, and Environmental Conservation
- Chapter 15. Water Use Act
- Section 37. Sale of Water By the State.
previous: Section 35
. Appropriation or Removal of Water Out of Hydrologic Units to Other Hydrologic Units; Water Conservation Fee; Reservation of Water For Fish.
next: Section 40
. Right to Appropriate.
AS 46.15.037. Sale of Water By the State.
- (a) The commissioner may provide for the sale of water by the state if
- (1) the water has first been appropriated to the state in accordance with the requirements of this chapter; and
- (2) the commissioner determines that
- (A) the water is surplus to needs within the hydrologic unit from which it was appropriated, including fishing, mining,
timber, oil and gas, agriculture, domestic water supply, and other needs as determined by the commissioner;
- (B) the proposed sale of the water meets the requirements of AS 46.15.080; and
- (C) the sale price of the water is based upon the fair market value of the water.
- (b) A purchaser of water from the state under this section shall acquire only those contractual rights to the water set
out in sale documents prepared by the commissioner except that a sale of water by the state does not constitute an
appropriation of water under this chapter to the purchaser.
- (c) If water to be sold by the state under (a) of this section, is to be removed from the hydrologic unit from which it
was appropriated to another hydrologic unit, inside or outside the state, without being returned to the hydrologic unit
from which it was appropriated, the commissioner may not sell the water unless the sale meets the requirements of
(a)(2) of this section, a water conservation fee is assessed under AS 46.15.035
, and, if the water to be sold is from a lake, river, or stream that is used by fish for spawning, incubation, rearing,
or migration, or ground water that significantly influences the volume of water in a lake, river, or stream that is
used by fish for spawning, incubation, rearing, or migration, the commissioner reserves a volume of water in the lake
or an instream flow in the river or stream for the use of fish and to maintain habitat for fish. The commissioner may
adjust the volume of water reserved under this subsection if the commissioner, after public notice and opportunity to
comment and with the concurrence of the commissioner of fish and game, finds that the best interests of the state are
served by the adjustment. A reservation under this subsection
- (1) of a volume of water or an instream flow for the use of fish and to maintain habitat for fish that is reserved under
this section is withdrawn from appropriation;
- (2) for fish from a lake, river, or stream, identified under AS 16.05.870 or identified in a Department of Fish and Game
regional guide as being used by fish for spawning, incubation, rearing, or migration on or before July 1, 1992, has a
priority date as of July 1, 1992;
- (3) is not subject to AS 46.15.145
- (4) of water does not apply to appropriations under this section of ground water of 5,000 gallons or less a day unless the
commissioner, in consultation with the Department of Fish and Game, determines that the appropriation may adversely
affect fish habitat in a lake, river, or stream; the commissioner shall consider multiple appropriations of water for a
single related use as a single appropriation for the purposes of this subsection.
- (d) With respect to rivers and streams described in (c) of this section, the instream flow reservation shall be limited to
the portion of the stream, including tributaries to the stream, at and downstream of the point of diversion or
withdrawal. With respect to lakes described in (c) of this section, the reservation shall be limited to the lake from
which the diversion or withdrawal is made, and the outlet and tributaries to the outlet flowing downstream.
- (e) In this section,
- (1) "fish" means a species of anadromous or freshwater fish that may be taken under regulations of the Board of Fisheries;
- (2) "hydrologic unit" has the meaning given in AS 46.15.035
- (f) The commissioner may not provide for the sale of salt water under this section.
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