- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 34. Property
- Chapter 8. Common Interest Ownership
- Section 350. Transfer of Special Declarant Rights.
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AS 34.08.350. Transfer of Special Declarant Rights.
- (a) A special declarant right created or reserved under this chapter may be transferred only by an instrument evidencing
the transfer that has been recorded in each recording district in which any portion of the common interest community is
located. The instrument is not effective unless executed by the transferee.
- (b) Upon transfer of any special declarant right, the liability of a transferor declarant is as follows:
- (1) a transferor is not relieved of an obligation or liability arising before the transfer and remains liable for warranty
obligations imposed by this chapter; lack of privity does not deprive a unit owner of standing to maintain an action to
enforce an obligation of the transferor;
- (2) if a successor to a special declarant right is an affiliate of a declarant, the transferor is jointly and severally
liable with the successor for an obligation or liability of the successor relating to the common interest community;
- (3) if a transferor retains a special declarant right but transfers other special declarant rights to a successor who is
not an affiliate of the declarant, the transferor is liable for an obligation or liability imposed on a declarant by
this chapter or by the declaration relating to the retained special declarant right and arising after the transfer;
- (4) a transferor is not liable for any act or omission or any breach of a contractual or warranty obligation arising from
the exercise of a special declarant right by a successor declarant who is not an affiliate of the transferor.
- (c) Unless otherwise provided in a mortgage instrument, deed of trust, or other agreement creating a security interest, on
the foreclosure of a security interest, sale by a trustee under an agreement creating a security interest, tax sale,
judicial sale, or sale under Bankruptcy Act or receivership proceedings of a unit owned by a declarant or of real
estate in a common interest community subject to development rights, the person acquiring title to the property being
foreclosed or sold, but only upon the request of the person, succeeds either (1) to the special declarant rights
related to the property held by the declarant, or (2) only to any rights reserved in the declaration under AS 34.08.230
and held by that declarant to maintain models, sales offices, and signs. The judgment or instrument conveying title
must provide for transfer of only the special declarant rights requested.
- (d) Upon foreclosure of a security interest, sale by a trustee under an agreement creating a security interest, tax sale,
judicial sale, or sale under Bankruptcy Act or receivership proceedings, of the interests in a common interest
community owned by a declarant
- (1) the declarant ceases to have special declarant rights, and
- (2) the period of declarant control terminates unless the judgment or instrument conveying title provides for transfer of
the special declarant rights held by the declarant to a successor declarant.
- (e) The liabilities and obligations of a person who succeeds to special declarant rights are as follows:
- (1) a successor to any special declarant right who is an affiliate of a declarant is subject to the obligations and
liabilities imposed on the transferor by this chapter or by the declaration;
- (2) a successor to any special declarant right, other than a successor described in (3) or (4) of this subsection or a
successor who is an affiliate of a declarant, is subject to the obligations and liabilities imposed by this chapter or
- (A) on a declarant that relate to the successor's exercise or nonexercise of special declarant rights; or
- (B) on the transferor, other than
- (i) misrepresentations by a previous declarant;
- (ii) warranty obligations on improvements made by a previous declarant or made before the common interest community was
- (iii) breach of a fiduciary obligation by a previous declarant or the appointees of a previous declarant to the executive
- (iv) a liability or obligation imposed on the transferor as a result of the acts or omissions of the transferor after the
- (3) a successor to a right reserved in the declaration only to maintain models, sales offices, and signs may not exercise
any other special declarant right and is not subject to liability or obligation as a declarant except the obligation to
provide a public offering statement and liability arising as a result of the statement;
- (4) a successor to the special declarant rights held by a transferor who succeeded to the rights under a deed or other
instrument of conveyance in lieu of foreclosure or under a judgment or instrument conveying title under (c) of this
section may declare in a recorded instrument, including one conveying title under (c) of this section
- (A) an intention to hold the rights solely for transfer to another person; or
- (B) an intention to hold the rights for transfer to another person after making, finishing, or completing improvements in
conformity with the declaration, consistent with the public offering statement, plans, and overall development scheme
of the common interest community for purposes of preserving or improving the common interest community.
- (f) Until transferring the special declarant rights to a person acquiring title to a unit or real estate subject to the
development rights owned by the successor, or until recording an instrument permitting exercise of all those rights,
the successor may not exercise any of the rights other than those specified in (e)(4)(B) of this section and the right
held by the transferor of the successor to control the executive board under AS 34.08.330
(d) for the duration of any period of declarant control and an attempted exercise of rights is void.
- (g) So long as a successor declarant may not exercise special declarant rights under (e) of this section, and for purposes
of (e)(4)(B) of this section so long as the successor declarant transfers within the time period specified in (h) of
this section the rights to a subsequent successor declarant who will assume liability for the improvements made by the
successor declarant, the successor declarant is not subject to liability or obligation as a declarant other than
liability for acts and omissions under AS 34.08.330
- (h) If a lender fails to transfer special declarant rights to a successor declarant within one year of the date of
recording an instrument under (e)(4)(B) of this section, then the lender becomes subject to the obligations and
liabilities imposed by this chapter or the declaration as specified in (e)(2) of this section.
- (i) Nothing in this section subjects a successor to a special declarant right to a claim against or other obligation of a
transferor declarant, other than a claim or obligation arising under this chapter or the declaration.
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