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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 26. Military Affairs, Veterans, and Disasters
- Chapter 25. National Guard Mutual Assistance Compact
- Section 20. Terms and Provisions of Compact.
previous: Section 10
. Entry Into Compact.
next: Section 30
. Rights and Benefits.
AS 26.25.020. Terms and Provisions of Compact.
The terms and provisions of the compact referred to in AS 26.25.010
are as follows: Article I. Purposes.
The purposes of this Compact are to:
- (1) provide for mutual aid among the party states in the utilization of the National Guard to cope with emergencies;
- (2) permit and encourage a high degree of flexibility in the deployment of National Guard forces in the interest of
- (3) maximize the effectiveness of the National Guard in those situations that call for its utilization under this Compact;
- (4) provide protection for the rights of National Guard personnel when serving in other states on emergency duty. Article
II. Entry Into Force and Withdrawal.
- (a) This Compact shall enter into force when enacted into law by any two states. Thereafter, this Compact becomes
effective as to any other state upon its enactment in that state.
- (b) A party state may withdraw from this Compact by enacting a statute repealing it, but the withdrawal does not take
effect until one year after the governor of the withdrawing state has given notice in writing of the withdrawal to the
governors of all other party states. Article III. Mutual Aid.
- (a) In this Article:
- (1) "emergency" means an occurrence or condition, temporary in nature, in which police and other public safety officials
and locally available National Guard forces are, or may reasonably be expected to be, unable to cope with substantial
and imminent danger to the public safety;
- (2) "requesting state" means the state whose governor requests assistance in coping with an emergency;
- (3) "responding state" means the state furnishing aid, or requested to furnish aid.
- (b) Upon request of the governor of a party state for assistance in an emergency, the governor of a responding state has
authority under this Compact to send outside the borders of the responding state and place under the temporary command
of the appropriate National Guard or other military authorities of the requesting state all or any part of the National
Guard forces of the responding state as the governor of the responding state considers necessary, and the exercise of
the discretion of the governor of the responding state in this regard is conclusive.
- (c) The governor of a party state may withhold the National Guard forces of that state from use outside the state and
recall any forces or part or member of forces previously deployed in a requesting state.
- (d) Whenever National Guard forces of a party state are engaged in another state in carrying out the purposes of this
Compact, the members so engaged have the same powers, duties, rights, privileges and immunities as members of National
Guard forces in the other state. The requesting state shall save members of the National Guard forces of responding
states harmless from civil liability for acts or omissions in good faith that occur in the performance of their duty
while engaged in carrying out the purposes of this Compact, whether the responding forces are serving the requesting
state within its borders or are in transit to or from such service.
- (e) Subject to the provisions of (f), (g) and (h) of this Article, all liability that may arise under the laws of the
requesting state, the responding state, or a third state on account of or in connection with a request for aid, shall
be assumed and borne by the requesting state.
- (f) A responding state rendering aid under this Compact shall be reimbursed by the requesting state for loss or damage to,
or expense incurred in the operation of any equipment answering a request for aid, and for the cost of the materials,
transportation and maintenance of National Guard personnel and equipment incurred in connection with the request.
However, nothing in the Compact prevents a responding state from assuming the loss, damage, expense or other cost.
- (g) Each party state shall provide, in the same amounts and manner as if they were on duty inside their state, for the pay
and allowances of the personnel of its National Guard units while engaged outside the state under this Compact and
while going to and returning from duty under this Compact. This pay and these allowances are considered items of
expense reimbursable under (f) of this Article by the requesting state.
- (h) Each party state providing for the payment of compensation and death benefits to injured members and the
representatives of deceased members of its National Guard forces in case members sustain injuries or are killed inside
their own state, shall provide for the payment of compensation and death benefits in the same manner and on the same
terms in case members sustain injuries or are killed while rendering aid pursuant to this Compact. This compensation
and these death benefits are considered items of expense reimbursable under (f) of this Article. Article IV.
Nothing in this Compact may be construed to prevent the governor of a party state from delegating any of the governor's
responsibilities or authority respecting the National Guard, provided that the delegation is otherwise in accordance
with law. For purposes of this Compact, however, the governor may not delegate the power to request assistance from
another state. Article V. Limitations.
Nothing in this Compact may:
- (1) expand or add to the functions of the National Guard, except with respect to the jurisdictions within which the
functions may be performed;
- (2) authorize or permit National Guard units to be placed under the field command of a person not having the military or
National Guard rank or status required by law for the field command position in question. Article VI. Construction and
This Compact shall be liberally construed so as to effectuate its purposes. The provisions of this Compact are
severable and if a phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this Compact is declared to be contrary to the constitution
of any state or of the United States or its applicability to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held
invalid, the validity of the remainder of this Compact and its applicability to any government, agency, person or
circumstance is not affected thereby. If this Compact is held contrary to the constitution of any state participating
in it, the Compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining party states and in full force and effect
as to the state affected as to all severable matters.
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