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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 22. Judiciary
- Chapter 20. Judicial Officers, Employees, and Council; Attorneys
- Section 20. Disqualification of Judicial Officer For Cause.
previous: Section 10
. Judicial Officer Defined.
next: Section 22
. Peremptory Disqualification of a Judge.
AS 22.20.020. Disqualification of Judicial Officer For Cause.
- (a) A judicial officer may not act in a matter in which
- (1) the judicial officer is a party;
- (2) the judicial officer is related to a party or a party's attorney by consanguinity or affinity within the third degree;
- (3) the judicial officer is a material witness;
- (4) the judicial officer or the spouse of the judicial officer, individually or as a fiduciary, or a child of the judicial
officer has a direct financial interest in the matter;
- (5) a party, except the state or a municipality of the state, has retained or been professionally counseled by the
judicial officer as its attorney within two years preceding the assignment of the judicial officer to the matter;
- (6) the judicial officer has represented a person as attorney for the person against a party, except the state or a
municipality of the state, in a matter within two years preceding the assignment of the judicial officer to the matter;
- (7) an attorney for a party has represented the judicial officer or a person against the judicial officer, either in the
judicial officer's public or private capacity, in a matter within two years preceding the filing of the action;
- (8) the law firm with which the judicial officer was associated in the practice of law within the two years preceding the
filing of the action has been retained or has professionally counseled either party with respect to the matter;
- (9) the judicial officer feels that, for any reason, a fair and impartial decision cannot be given.
- (b) A judicial officer shall disclose, on the record, a reason for disqualification specified in (a) of this section at
the commencement of a matter in which the judicial officer participates. The disqualifications specified in (a)(2),
(a)(5), (a)(6), (a)(7), and (a)(8) of this section may be waived by the parties and are waived unless a party raises an
- (c) If a judicial officer is disqualified on the officer's own motion or consents to disqualification, the presiding judge
of the district shall immediately transfer the action to another judge of that district to which the objections of the
parties do not apply or are least applicable and if there is no such judge, the chief justice of the supreme court
shall assign a judge for the hearing or trial of the action. If a judicial officer denies disqualification the question
shall be heard and determined by another judge assigned for the purpose by the presiding judge of the next higher level
of courts or, if none, by the other members of the supreme court. The hearing may be ex parte and without notice to the
parties or judge.
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