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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 14. Education, Libraries, and Museums
- Chapter 8. Education in the Unorganized Borough
- Section 51. School Board Sections.
previous: Section 50
. [Repealed, Sec. 1 Ch 124 SLA 1975].
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. [Repealed, Sec. 1 Ch 124 SLA 1975].
AS 14.08.051. School Board Sections.
- (a) The commissioner in consultation with the Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development and the local
communities may divide a regional educational attendance area into sections only for the purpose of nominating and
electing regional school board members. If the voters in a regional educational attendance area favor election of
regional school board members by sections under (b) of this section, the commissioner in consultation with the
Department of Commerce, Community, and Economic Development and the local communities shall divide the regional
educational attendance area into sections for the purpose of nominating and electing regional school board members. If
a regional educational attendance area is divided into sections each school board member shall represent, as nearly as
practicable, an equal number of persons. The basis for the division of a regional educational attendance area into
sections shall be the total population of the area as reported in the most recent decennial federal census. If the
census is five years old or older, then other reliable population data, including but not limited to population
estimates based on public school enrollments, public utility connections, registered voters, or certified employment
payrolls, shall be used as the basis for the division of the area into sections. Each section within a regional
educational attendance area shall consist of compact, contiguous territory and, as far as practicable, each section
shall contain an integrated socio-economic, linguistically and culturally homogeneous area. In the division of the
regional school and attendance area into sections, consideration shall be given to the transportation and communication
network to facilitate the administration of education and communication between communities that comprise the area.
Whenever possible, municipalities, other governmental or regional corporate entities, drainage basins, and other
identifiable geographic features shall be used in describing the boundaries of the sections.
- (b) The division of a regional educational attendance area into sections or subsequent recasting of the section boundaries
may be proposed by the regional school board or by a petition. The election of each regional school board member from a
section by the voters of that section of a regional educational attendance area may be proposed by petition. A petition
under this section shall be filed with the director of elections and must contain signatures of qualified voters in the
area equal to eight percent of the total vote cast in the most recent regional school board election. The division of
the area into sections, election of each regional school board member from a section by the voters of that section, or
subsequent recasting of section boundaries is subject to approval by a majority of the qualified voters voting on the
question in the regional educational attendance area at the next regular school board election or a special election
called for that purpose, and takes effect at the next regular school board election.
- (c) If a regional educational attendance area has been divided into sections, the commissioner shall recast the boundaries
of the sections within 90 days following the official reporting of the decennial federal census in accordance with (a)
of this section. If the census is five years old or older and other reliable population data acceptable to the
department that establishes that board members do not represent as nearly as practicable equal numbers of people under
the allocation of seats to a multi-member section under (d) of this section, the commissioner may reallocate the seats
among the sections if reallocation will achieve as nearly as practicable equal representation. Reallocation of seats
takes effect at the next regular board election after the reallocation.
- (d) Multi-member sections may be created. However,
- (1) each seat on the regional board shall be designated by letter or number and when the declaration of candidacy or other
nomination papers of a candidate for the regional school board are filed those papers must indicate the seat that the
candidate seeks; and
- (2) except as provided in (f) of this section, a section may not be represented by more than
- (A) three members, if a board consists of five members;
- (B) four members, if a board consists of seven members;
- (C) five members, if a board consists of nine members; or
- (D) six members, if a board consists of 11 members.
- (e) If a regional educational attendance area has been divided into sections, board members shall be residents of the
section from which they are elected. Board members shall be elected by the qualified voters of the entire regional
educational attendance area, unless the voters have approved election of members by the voters of the section under (b)
of this section.
- (f) Upon the request of a regional school board, the commissioner may permit a section that contains more than one
community to be represented by more board members than the number set out in (d)(2) of this section if the commissioner
- (1) the regional educational attendance area has had a pattern of substantial population fluctuations between geographic
areas within the regional educational attendance area; and
- (2) compliance with the requirements of (d)(2) of this section could result in continuous underrepresentation and
overrepresentation of sections.
- (g) In a regional educational attendance area section subject to (f) of this section, no more than two members may be
elected from the same community unless the population distribution requires otherwise.
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