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- Alaska Statutes.
- Title 9. Code of Civil Procedure
- Chapter 50. Actions Where State a Party
- Section 253. Actionable Claims Against State Employees.
previous: Section 250
. Actionable Claims Against the State.
next: Section 260
. Undertaking. [Repealed, Sec. 2 Ch 19 SLA 1975].
AS 09.50.253. Actionable Claims Against State Employees.
- (a) Except as provided in (f) of this section, the remedy against the state provided by AS 09.50.250
for injury or loss of property or personal injury or death arising or resulting from an act or omission of a state
employee while acting within the scope of the employee's office or employment is exclusive of any other civil action or
proceeding for money damages by reason of the same subject matter against the employee whose act or omission gave rise
to the claim or against the estate of the employee. Any other civil action or proceeding for money damages arising out
of or relating to the same subject matter against the employee or the employee's estate is precluded without regard to
when the act or omission occurred.
- (b) A state employee against whom a civil action or proceeding is brought under (a) of this section shall deliver all
pleadings and process served upon the employee, or a copy of the papers served, to the person designated by the head of
the employee's agency to receive the papers and to the attorney general. The state employee shall deliver these
documents within the time period established by the attorney general in a regulation adopted under this section. The
initial delivery of these documents to the attorney general constitutes an agreement by the employee to cooperate with
the attorney general in the state employee's defense of the action or proceeding and a consent that the attorney
general conduct the defense as the attorney general considers advisable and in the best interests of the employee,
including settlement in the attorney general's discretion.
- (c) Upon certification by the attorney general that the state employee was acting within the scope of the employee's
office or employment at the time of the incident out of which the claim arose, any civil action or proceeding commenced
upon the claim in a state court is considered an action or proceeding against the state under the provisions of this
title, and the state is substituted as the party defendant. The civil action or proceeding certified under this
subsection is subject to the same limitations and defenses applicable to an action or proceeding against the state. The
attorney general or the attorney general's designee shall defend the civil action or proceeding on behalf of the state.
- (d) If the attorney general refuses to make the certification under (c) of this section, the state employee may, at any
time before trial, petition the superior court to find and certify that the employee was acting within the scope of the
employee's office or employment at the time of the incident out of which the claim arose. Upon certification by the
court, the civil action is considered to be a civil action or proceeding brought against the state under the provisions
of this title, and the state is substituted as the party defendant. Upon certification by the court, the state shall
reimburse the state employee the employee's reasonable costs and attorney fees incurred in bringing the petition. A
copy of the petition under this subsection shall be served upon the state in accordance with the provisions of Rule
4(d)(7), Alaska Rules of Civil Procedure. The petition to the superior court is the exclusive remedy to challenge the
noncertification decision by the attorney general of a state employee under this section.
- (e) A claim or suit for damages may not be filed against the state or the attorney general arising out of the process for
certification under this section.
- (f) This section does not extend or apply to a civil action or proceeding against an employee of the state that is brought
for a violation of the Constitution of the United States or that is brought for a violation of a law of the state under
which an action or proceeding against an employee is expressly authorized.
- (g) The provisions of this section are in addition to and do not supersede a term in a state employee collective
bargaining agreement addressing legal defense and indemnity.
- (h) In this section,
- (1) "acting within the scope of the employee's office or employment" means acts or omissions
- (A) that the state employee is employed or authorized to perform;
- (B) of the state employee that occur substantially within the authorized time and space limit;
- (C) that are activated by a purpose to serve the state; and
- (D) that do not constitute acting, or failing to act, with wilful, reckless, or intentional misconduct, or with gross
negligence or malice;
- (2) "state employee"
- (A) means
- (i) a permanent, probationary, seasonal, temporary, provisional, or nonpermanent employee in the executive, legislative,
or judicial branch of state government, whether in the classified, partially exempt, or exempt service; or
- (ii) a person appointed to a board or commission of state government;
- (B) does not include an employee of
- (i) the University of Alaska;
- (ii) the Alaska Railroad Corporation; or
- (iii) a political subdivision of the state, including a regional educational attendance area.
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