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Rule 27. Depositions Before Action or Pending Appeal.
(a) Before Action.
(1) Petition. A person who desires to perpetuate testimony regarding any matter that may properly be the subject of an action or proceeding in any court of the state, may file a verified petition in the superior court. The petition shall be entitled in the name of the petitioner and shall show: (1) that the petitioner expects to be a party to an action in a court of the state but is presently unable to bring it or cause it to be brought, (2) the subject matter of the expected action and the petitioner's interest therein, (3) the facts which the petitioner desires to establish by the proposed testimony and the reasons for desiring a perpetuate it, (4) the names or description of the persons the petitioner expects will be adverse parties and their addresses so far as known, and (5) the names and addresses of the persons to be examined and the substance of the testimony which the petitioner expects to elicit from each, and shall ask for an order authorizing the petitioner to take the depositions of the persons to be examined named in the petition, for the purpose of perpetuating their testimony.
(2) Notice and Service. The petitioner shall thereafter serve a notice upon each person named in the petition as an expected adverse party, together with a copy of the petition stating that the petitioner will apply to the court, at a time and place named therein, for the order described in the petition. At least 20 days before the date of hearing the notice shall be served either within or without the state in the manner provided in Rule 4(d) for service of summons; but if such service cannot with due diligence be made upon any expected adverse party named in the petition, the court may make such order as is just for service by publication or otherwise, and shall appoint, for persons not served in the manner provided in Rule 4(d), an attorney who shall represent them, and, in case they are not otherwise represented, shall cross-examine the deponent. The compensation of the attorney may be fixed by the court and charged to the petitioner. If any expected adverse party is a minor or incompetent the provisions of Rule 17(c) apply. Upon a person other than an infant or an incompetent person, the notice may also be served in the manner provided by Civil Rule 4(h).
(3) Order and Examination. If the court is satisfied that the perpetuation of the testimony may prevent a failure or delay of justice, it shall make an order designating or describing the persons whose depositions may be taken and specifying the subject matter of the examination and whether the deposition shall be taken upon oral examination or written interrogatories. The depositions may then be taken in accordance with these rules; and the court may make orders of the character provided for by Rules 34 and 35. For the purpose of applying these rules to depositions for perpetuating testimony, each reference therein to the court in which the action is pending shall be deemed to refer to the court in which the petition for such decision was filed.
(4) Use of Deposition. If a deposition to perpetuate testimony is taken under these rules or if, although not so taken, it would be admissible in evidence in the courts of the United States or of the state in which it is taken, it may be used in any action involving the same subject matter subsequently brought in a court of this state, in accordance with the provisions of Rule 32(a).
(b) Pending Appeal and Review. The court in which a judgment, order or decision has been rendered may allow the taking of the depositions of witnesses to perpetuate their testimony for use in the event of further proceedings in the court, as follows:
(1) If an appeal has been taken from a judgment.
(2) If a petition for review of an order or decision of the court has been filed with the supreme court.
(3) If before the taking of an appeal or filing a petition for review, the time therefor has not expired.
In any case the party who desires to perpetuate the testimony may make a motion in the court for leave to take the depositions, upon the same notice and service thereof as if the action was pending in the court. The motion shall show (1) the names and addresses of persons to be examined and the substance of the testimony which the party expects to elicit from each; (2) the reasons for perpetuating their testimony. If the court finds that the perpetuation of the testimony is proper to avoid a failure or delay of justice, it may make an order allowing the depositions to be taken and may make orders of the character provided for by Rules 34 and 35, and thereupon the depositions may be taken and used in the same manner and under the same conditions as are prescribed in these rules for depositions taken in actions pending in the court.
(c) Testimony for Use in Foreign Jurisdictions. When the deposition of any person is to be taken in this state pursuant to the laws of another state, or of the United States or of another country, for use in proceedings in such other state, the United States or other country, the court upon motion may order issuance of subpoena in aid of taking such deposition, as provided in Rule 45(d).
(Adopted by SCO 5 October 9, 1959; amended by SCO 90 effective July 24, 1967, by SCO 158 effective February 15, 1973; by SCO 888 effective July 15, 1988; and by SCO 1153 effective July 15, 1994)
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Copyright 1995-1999 by Touch N' Go Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. No copyright claim is made to the text of the rules.
Last Modified 7/14/1999