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(a) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, or in AS 16, no person may possess, import, release, export, or assist in importing, releasing, or exporting, live game, unless the person holds a possession permit issued by the department.
(b) The following species, not including a hybrid of a game animal and a species listed in this subsection, may be possessed, imported, exported, bought, sold, or traded without a permit from the department but may not be released into the wild:
Common Name Scientific Name Chimpanzee Pan spp. Dog Canis familiaris Cat Felis catus Sheep Ovis aries Goat Capra hircus Cattle Bos taurus Oxen Bos spp. Horse Equus caballus Guinea pig Cavia porcellus Reindeer (except feral reindeer) Rangifer tarandus Var. Llama Lama peruana Alpaca Lama pacos One-humped camel Camelus dromedarius Ass Equus asinus Var. Mule Equus asinus x caballus Swine Sus scrofa Var. European ferret Mustela putorius furo European rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus Var. White rat Rattus norvegicus Var. albinus Mice: white, waltzing, singing, Mus musculus Var. shaker, piebald Fat-tailed gerbil Pachyuromys duprasi Gerbil Gerbillus spp. Hamster (golden) Mesocricetus auratus Chinchilla Chinchilla laniger Cavy Cavia aperea Hedgehog, African Pygmy Erinaceus albiventris Chicken Gallus gallus Var. Pigeon Columia livia Var. Any Turkey species Subfamily Meleagridinae Any Pheasant, Junglefowl or Subfamily Phasianinae Coturnix species Any Guineafowl species Subfamily Numidinae Canary Serinus canaria Var. Parrot, parakeet, cockatiel, Family Psittacidae macaw, and other members of the Family Psittacidae not prohibited by federal or international law Toucan Family Ramphastidae Any New World Quail species Subfamily Odontophorinae (including Bobwhite) Mynah Acridotheres spp. Any Peafowl species Pavo spp. Any duck, goose, swan, or other migratory waterfowl which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service determines does not require a federal permit for private ownership Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar Button "quail" Family Turnicidae in the order Gruiformes Any nonvenomous reptile Class Reptilia (crocodile, alligator, snake, turtle, or lizard) Members of the bird families Fringillidae, Turdidae, Zosteripidae, Pycnonotidae, Timaliidae, and Ploceidae of non- Holarctic origin. Members of the bird families Columbidae and Trogonidae of non- nearctic origin.
(c) The department may not issue a permit for the capture, possession, import, or export of any game animal, including a hybrid of a game animal and a species listed in (b) of this section, for use as a pet.
(d) Under this section, and in accordance with the definition of "game" in AS 16.05.940 (which includes feral domestic animals), a
(1) European ferret ( Mustela putorius furo ), swine ( Sus scrofa Var. ), or nonindigenous gallinaceous bird is feral if the animal is not under direct control of the owner, including being confined in a cage or other physical structure, or being restrained on a leash; the commissioner may capture, destroy, or dispose of any feral ferret, feral swine, or feral nonindigenous gallinaceous bird in an appropriate manner;
(2) musk oxen, bison, or reindeer that is lawfully owned, or an elk held under a valid game mammal farming license, that is not confined or is not under positive control is feral unless the animal is a free-ranging animal under a state or federal grazing lease; however,
(A) a person who can demonstrate ownership of the animal may pursue and capture the animal within 48 hours after the animal escapes from confinement, without needing to obtain a permit from the department;
(B) a person who can demonstrate ownership of the animal may pursue and capture the animal more than 48 hours after the animal escapes from confinement only if the person obtains a permit from the department;
(C) any free-ranging musk oxen, bison, reindeer, or elk for which ownership cannot be demonstrated is presumed to be game;
(D) for purposes of this paragraph, ownership of an animal can be demonstrated only by means of a clearly visible permanent brand, ear tag, or owner's mark on the body of the animal.
(e) Any of the above species of bird, mammal, or reptile that is endangered may not be held in private ownership without a permit from the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
(f) Notwithstanding (b) of this section, the following species may be temporarily released for the purpose of hunting dog or falcon training, field trials, and tests:
(1) Pigeon ( Columia livia Var.);
(2) Pheasant, Jungle Fowl, or Coturnix (Subfamily Phasianinae );
(3) any Guineafowl species (Subfamily Numidinae );
(4) any New World Quail species (including Colinus ) (Subfamily Odontophorinae );
(5) any duck, goose, swan, or other migratory waterfowl which the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has determined does not require a federal permit for private ownership;
(6) Chukar Partridge ( Alectoris chukar ).
(g) A person using live game listed in (f) of this section for the purpose of hunting dog or falcon training, field trials, or tests
(1) may release the game only on the day of use and shall make reasonable efforts to capture, kill, or recover the temporarily released live game;
(2) may take the live game in connection with hunting dog or falcon training, field trial, and test activities; and
(3) must legally acquire, hold, and dispose of the live game in accordance with all other applicable state statutes and regulations.
(h) Upon application, the board will add a species to the list in (b) of this section if there is clear and convincing evidence that the species
(1) is not capable of surviving in the wild in Alaska;
(2) is not capable of causing a genetic alteration of a species that is indigenous to Alaska;
(3) is not capable of causing a significant reduction in the population of a species that is indigenous to Alaska;
(4) is not capable of transmitting a disease to a species that is indigenous to Alaska; and
(5) does not otherwise present a threat to the health or population of a species that is indigenous to Alaska.
(i) The board will remove a species from the list in (b) of this section, if there is a preponderance of evidence that the species
(1) is capable of surviving in the wild in Alaska;
(2) is capable of causing a genetic alteration of a species that is indigenous to Alaska;
(3) is capable of causing a significant reduction in the population of a species that is indigenous to Alaska;
(4) is capable of transmitting a disease to a species that is indigenous to Alaska; or
(5) otherwise presents a threat to the health or population of a species that is indigenous to Alaska.
History: Eff. 7/5/85, Register 95; am 2/27/87, Register 105; am 8/20/89, Register 111; am 8/12/90, Register 115; am 7/1/94, Register 130; am 8/20/95, Register 135; am 6/28/96, Register 138; am 7/1/98, Register 146
Authority: AS 16.05.255
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Last modified 7/05/2006